In October 2021, Creative Commons launched acall for case studies关于画廊、图书馆、档案馆和博物馆等文化机构的开放获取,这些机构来自能力低下的非西方机构,或代表不同地区边缘化、代表性不足的社区。

The aim of the open call was to help generate a more global, inclusive, and equitable picture and understanding of open GLAM, highlighting the needs and expectations of a variety of communities and institutions from diverse regions and backgrounds.We hope the outcomes will provide some insights to guide the development of avenues of engagement with the global open GLAM community.

我们收到了许多优秀的投稿,我们感谢Creative Commons Open GLAM平台成员的兴趣和响应我们的呼卡塔尔vs葡萄牙分析吁所做的努力。Anevaluation committeewas tasked with selecting the applications.


Case 1: Common voices: contributing oral histories to the open knowledge ecosystem in Brazil

Premier jour de la WikidataCons: questions, Caroline Léna Becker, 2019, CC-BY 4.0 International

Érica Azzellini is the Communications Manager of the User Group Wiki Movimento Brasil. Graduated in Journalism at Faculdade Cásper Líbero, she is a former researcher of the Scientific Journalism program at the Research, Innovation and Dissemination Center for the Neuromathematics at the University of São Paulo.

João Alexandre Peschanski是巴西São Paulo的faculty Cásper Líbero的新闻学教授。他拥有威斯康星大学麦迪逊分校社会学博士学位。他目前是用户组Wiki Movimento Brasil的执行董事,也是用户组Wikipedia & Education的董事会成员。

Fotos do Wikidata Lab XI, Rodrigo Tetsuo Argenton, 2018, CC-BY-SA 4.0 International


Case 2: Open Access practices: Limitations and opportunities in Public Libraries in Nigeria

Isaac Oloruntimilehin, Isaac Oloruntimilehin, CC BY 4.0 International.

Isaac Oloruntimilehin is a member of the Wikimedia movement in Nigeria and co-founder of Free Knowledge Africa. He previously led the Wikimedia Club at the University of Ilorin. Isaac is also a member of the Creative Commons Global Network, Europeana Network Association, and actively contributes to open source projects. He is an alumnus of the Millennium Fellowship (2019 class) and a Local Pathways Fellow (2020 cohort) at the United Nations SDSN Youth. He is an environmentalist and an advocate of the SDGs.


Case 3: Campaigns to digitize Treasures in the Tiny Home of the First Printing Press in Asia

Frederick Noronha, Frederick Noronha, CC BY-SA 4.0 International.

Frederick Noronha, PhD, has been a journalist, alternative book publisher, and photography enthusiast for his working life. He was born in Cubatão, SP, Brazil, to Indian migrant parents, and lives in Goa, on the west coast of South Asia. Over the past two decades, he has been closely tracking, involved with, and writing about India’s Free Software, Open Source, Wikipedia, and Open Access campaigns. He is a strong votary for sharing information, knowledge, and software in a way that makes a difference in the lives of millions. He co-founded BytesForAll, which has focused on the use of ICT and the Internet for the benefit of the deprived, particularly in South Asia. In addition, he is deeply involved in building cybernetworks in his home region of Goa, India’s tiniest state, but among the most active by way of cyber initiatives. His PhD was completed in January 2021, after a lifetime in journalism-publishing, focusing on publishing, and was undertaken through Goa University.

Goa was the home to the first Gutenberg printing press in the whole of Asia, way back in 1556. Once the center of knowledge exchange between Asia and Europe has rich archives and copyright-expired resources (in various languages, some relatively inaccessible now). This study will look at initiatives at digitization and sharing such resources, how much has been digitized, factors that might have blocked the same, and suggestions that could make a difference.

Photo: Frederick Noronha, Frederick Noronha,CC BY-SA 4.0 International

案例4:一起更好!Malopolska Virtual Museums – a regional hub for access to local heritage and best Open GLAM practices

Marta Moraczewska, Marta Malina Moraczewska, 2015, CC-BY-SA 4.0 International

Marta is an animator of educational projects on the Web and an independent OpenGLAM specialist. She coordinates projects based on open content, working with museum staff and visitors. In 2014-2019, as the coordinator ofGLAM-Wikiat Wikimedia Polska, she helped the National Museum in Warsaw, National Archives, and the National Library of Poland share their collections with Wikipedia, and ran projects such asCarpathian Ethnography,theFarasWikiproject and the Digital Museum (Muzeum Cyfrowe2016) conference. She edited theOpen Cultural Projectsguidebook and is the author ofSchool Navigator(nawigatorszkolny.net) – a teachers’ roadmap to reusing digital content from Polish museums, archives and libraries (Ministry of Culture and National Heritage of Poland grant, 2000).

The case study discusses the plan, development and results of theMałopolska Virtual Museums项目-一项创新的数字化工作,其基础是与Małopolska等48个区域机构合作,建立一个最佳开放GLAM实践中心,其中许多是小型、资源不足的当地博物馆。该案例研究将分析最初的假设、开放策略和工作方法,然后就所有新的数字内容的可用性对当地和全球用户和受众进行研究和进一步创新。

Case 5: Inside the Badagry slave heritage museum in Nigeria

Charles Ikem, Charles, Ikem, CC BY-NC 4.0 International.

Charles Ikem是位于尼日利亚拉各斯的非洲政策实验室的联合创始人。查尔斯是一个开放获取和开放数据的倡导者。他的工作重点是支持技术、开放政策和人文联系方面的突破性研究和政策,并领导非洲具有高度影响力的变革项目。

This case study project will document the history and foundations of the Badagry Slave Heritage Museum in Nigeria, with the artifacts as the subject. Using photo documentaries to showcase historical artifacts and oral narrations by the elders of the Badagry community to produce a substantial body of work to support the case study.

Case 6: The State of Open Access in Chilean Museums in 2021

Patricia Diaz, asistente administrativa de Wikimedia Chile, Carlos Figueroa, 2018, CC-BY-SA 4.0 International

Patricia Díaz Rubio is a Chilean social communicator (Universidad de Chile) passionate about collective work and social impact. Since 2018, she has been working at Wikimedia Chile, promoting local and open content on the Internet. She has a cultural heritage diploma (USACH) and a Master’s degree in Development Studies (Université Panthéon Sorbonne). She is interested in emerging new narratives within digital environments, and in promoting dissemination policies and open access to culture, collective memory, and cultural heritage.

According to the Survey of GLAM open access policy and practice (McCarthy & Wallace, 2018), only two museums in Chile develop some open-access policies or practices: the Memory and Human Rights Museum and the National Natural History Museum. Which is the current situation of “open” within Chilean museums in 2021? Has it changed or improved somehow? Or, more specifically: Which is the situation of public Chilean museums’ digital collections? Which are the licenses that they use to display their collections online? And mostly: Which are the limitations they put on their digital collections and copies? This case study will present the current status of these institutions, in particular public ones, and their online collections, and how they are used (or not) to promote and diffuse their contents.

Case 7: Open Access Cultural Heritage Outlook in Pakistan: Case Study on GLAMs in Karachi

Amber Osman, CC-BY-SA 4.0 International.

Amber Osman is a passionate expert in open science and a research enthusiast. Over the last decade, Amber has been actively involved in different international academic, research & publishing organizations, and with the Higher Education Commission (Govt. of Pakistan). She has been anaward-winning journal editor采用创新的研究和出版方案,推动出版进程。Amber倡导开放获取学术内容的最佳实践,并积极地在全球范围内举办和贡献研讨会、会谈、培训课程,同时在文章中撰写特定事项。她有两个硕士学位,一个是哲学硕士,一个是市场营销硕士。

Dr Muhammad Imtiaz Subhani, CC-BY-SA 4.0 International.

Dr Muhammad Imtiaz Subhani (Thomson ReutersAward-Winning Editor, (2015)) is a Doctor of Philosophy in Financial Econometrics. He is currently Dean of Business School at ILMA University, Pakistan, and contributes as an Education committee member at Society for Scholarly Publishing, USA, member of Creative Commons Global Network, and scientific publishing consultant at Higher Education Commission, Govt. of Pakistan. He is also an Editor at PLOSONE.

To identify different aspects of GLAM in Karachi, the study will look at Pakistan’s organizations/institutions and see how they provide access to cultural heritage content. We will target universities/institutions/ rendering different teaching perspectives on ancient history, culture preservation, the country’s historical tools & ranges; whether they know about the CC GLAM movement to enrich & collaborate at a global level, which helps highlight and restore the country’s historical/cultural values.

Case 8: Spreading Creative Commons’ Open GLAM message in Brazil

Wikidata Lab XII (February 2019) 03, Sturm, CC BY-SA 4.0 International

Giovanna Fontenelle is a Journalist, Historian, Wikimedian, and Master’s student in Social History at the University of São Paulo. She works as a Program Officer, GLAM and Culture, at the Wikimedia Foundation. She’s also a member of Creative Commons Brasil (CCBR), Creative Commons Global Network, Wiki Movimento Brasil User Group, and ICOM Brazil. At CCBR, she coordinates the areas of Open GLAM and Wikimedia. Her current work activities are related to GLAM-Wiki, Open GLAM, linked open data, in addition to carrying out projects on diversity and knowledge equity.

Wikimedia Conference 2017 in Berlin, Germany, René Zieger for Wikimedia Deutschland e.V. CC BY-SA 4.0 International

朱莉安娜·蒙泰罗拥有博物馆学学士学位和信息科学硕士学位。她从事收集管理工作已有14年。她曾在São保罗能源博物馆(2007-2008)担任博物馆学家;2008-2015年,她担任国家文化秘书处博物馆遗产保护单位的协调助理,协调博物馆收藏政策委员会。后来,她担任São保罗移民博物馆保护中心的经理(2015-2016)。她也是国际博协(COMCOL-ICOM)和博协巴西顾问委员会的成员。自2010年以来,她一直担任ETEC博物馆博物馆学教授,为博物馆提供文献和数据库方面的课程。她是全球理事会网络创作共用(Creative Commons)巴西卡塔尔vs葡萄牙分析分会的代表。作为维基Educação巴西集团的一员,她也参与了维基媒体项目和文化机构之间的联系。自2019年以来,她一直是葡萄牙语社区“艺术+女权”国际运动的地区大使。

GLAMs have become more interested in sharing their collections online using open licenses, due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the inability to access the physical space of cultural institutions. However, in places such as the Global South, this interest and some punctual actions were not necessarily accompanied by actual long-term open initiatives, on account of the difficulty in sharing the open GLAM ideals with institutions, especially considering the lack of resources by and for institutions in these regions. This case study aims to present Creative Commons Brasil’s work and workflow, providing guidance for Brazilian GLAMs during 2020 and 2021, to not only present the group’s work, but also to share the workflows of this process with other Creative Commons chapters and advocates, to help and inspire them to overcome barriers in the process of sharing and advocating for Open GLAM. It is an opportunity to discuss the cultural heritage situation in Global South places like Brazil and Latin America. And finally, it aims to engage more Brazilian GLAMs to know and understand Creative Commons, the licenses, open GLAM, and how to open their collections in such under-resourced regions.


We are delighted to showcase regional and national open GLAM initiatives and encourage sharing feedback from open experiences within cultural heritage institutions.

The case studies will be published under CC BY licenses in early 2022 on ourMedium account,and shared on our various communication channels.

Have you found these projects interesting? Are you curious to know more? Join the Creative CommonsOpen GLAM Platformby filling out our membershipformand subscribe to our Open GLAMmailing list!